Maintenance dredging is the process of excavating and removing material from the bottom of an ocean, river, pond, or other large bodies of water. Dredging is mainly used for marine construction projects, mining, sediment removal, environmental remediation, canal deepening, harbor maintenance, and many more.
Fly Ash Environmental Problems
1.05 billion tons of coal is burned in the United States each year leaving harmful waste (fly ash) in dumping sites. These harmful fly ash dump sites contain harmful heavy metals such as mercury, arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, nickel, and selenium.
Fly ash has a fine powdery consistency that is easily carried by the wind and can affect nearby neighborhoods and people. Breathing in fly ash overtime can irritate the respiratory system and people with existing lung diseases such as emphysema, bronchitis, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease should avoid breathing coal fly ash dust.
Fly Ash or Coal Ash is a difficult material to pump due to its abrasive nature. Centrifugal pumps quickly get worn down and lose their tolerances and suction capabilities. This results in significant downtime and costly spare parts.
The fly ash accumulates in many stages of the power generation process and proves to be very costly and time-consuming to remove. The most troublesome stages are dealing with the lined and unlined tailings ponds, rivers, sumps, and concrete basins.
Tailings ponds and rivers continuously need to be cleaned out to increase capacity. Finding the right pump and dredging equipment can often be a complicated process. Centrifugal pumps will only pump 10-20% solids by weight. This means that most of the discharge is water and very little fly ash is coming out of the pipeline. In contrast, the EDDY Pump design can pump 50-60% solids by weight. Pump less water, more solids.
Furthermore, the abrasive nature of the fly ash destroys the impeller of the pump and causes pump failures, costly repairs and spare parts. Our pump has a high tolerance ultra-recessed rotor that withstands the destructive nature of fly ash.
Tailings ponds are often lined with plastic to minimizes the seepage of contaminants. This makes it more difficult for conventional equipment to dredge or mechanically remove the fly ash sediment without damaging the liner. We have a liner-safe wheel option for the excavator attachment.
Sumps are often the most difficult areas in a power generation plant to handle. Fly ash, coal chunks, rocks and other debris are washed into sumps and continuously need to be pumped out. Centrifugal pumps get clogged and constantly wear out because of the tolerances between the impeller and the volute.
What is Maintenance Dredging?
Similar to other industrial processes, regular maintenance is required to keep the dredging system functional and free of any issues. Overtime sediment such as sand, clay, silt and other soil particles collects and gathers at the bottom of a body of water. Maintenance dredging is used to remove the collected sediment to restore original depth and water volume.
Dredging Highlight Video
Why Maintenance Dredging?
When maintenance dredging is not routinely done, there are several issues that can arise such as:
- The dredge pumps routinely get clogged with sand, silt, and other debris
- The dredge pump and impeller are quickly worn down by abrasive materials
- The dredge pumps fail more often
- Longer downtimes for pump maintenance which halts production and hurts your bottom line
- Ecosystem and environmental damage stemming from high turbidity or mechanical dredging
EDDY Pump Maintenance Dredging Equipment
EDDY Pump provides the most innovative maintenance dredging solutions worldwide. Our team of expert pump engineers developed the EDDY Pump’s open rotor design which allows for far higher tolerances that allow for just about anything that will go into the intake to be passed through the discharge without issues. We also provide modular dredging products that can easily convert to different deployment types to ensure we have a deployment option that matches what you need for your job.
EDDY Pump partnered with UAT Pacific and is now able to offer a complete dredging solution for effective slurry, sludge, and solids removal, the Dredge Sled. With the latest technology, the Dredge Sled is a cost-effective solution for your pond, lagoon, canal, tailings pond, and settling tank cleaning.
The Dredge Sled is a simple, efficient and easy to use alternative to more complicated heavy-duty dredging equipment. The best solution for shallow pond or lagoon dredging.
This state of the art dredging system is unique to the market and improves the process for high solids pumping while using the hydraulic power of your existing excavator. The EDDY Pump Excavator Attachment easily pins into your existing bucket linkage and is powered off of the excavators’ auxiliary hydraulics.ttachment.
For ultra-precision dredging which requires diver visibility and mobility, we offer the Diver Operated Dredge Pump. This unit is completely submerged and rests on the lake bed or ocean floor and can support up to 1-3 divers at once. These diver units can be powered via electric or hydraulic depending on our client’s needs.
Our diver dredge comes equipped with over 300-ft of a suction hose that can be added to the suction inlet of the pump, providing increased versatility not commonly found in conventional diver operated dredges. This also allows for far more mobility, allowing for divers to dredge in precise locations without disrupting the pipeline. Additionally, this unit can be easily converted to a Cable-Deployed Dredge or an Excavator Pump Attachment with little modification.
EDDY Dredge Pump Advantages
- Non-Clog, High Viscosity, High Specific Gravity, High Abrasives, Low pH Pumping Design
- 40-70% Solids Pumping by Volume
- Ability to pump objects of up to 11-inches in diameter
- State-of-the-Art Research and Development Facilities
- 100% American Made
- Low Total Ownership Cost (See PDF)
Applications – Maintenance Dredging
Environmental Dredging and Remediation
Environmental dredging generally refers to remediation dredging or removing contaminated materials from specific underwater areas. Environmental dredges are built to be as precise as possible with extremely low turbidity to prevent material agitation of the surrounding ecosystem. A low turbidity dredge will greatly help keep the contaminated material from resuspension, which would allow the dangerous material to spread over a wider area, making things worse. Environmental dredges are typically equipped with video cameras, GPS, RTK for precise positioning, and/or sonar monitoring instruments to oversee the entire dredging process. This allows the process to be much more controlled over a navigational or construction dredging, ensuring the contaminated material is captured as safely as possible.